Active Server Pages. A document that contains embedded
server-side scripting. ASP-compatible Web servers can execute these
scripts. On the client side, an ASP is a standard HTML document that can
be viewed on any platform using any Web browser. These scripts can be written in
any programming language which can be processed by the server.
Client software that is used to look at various kinds of Internet
resources. Examples include Microsoft's Internet Explorer and Netscape's
Common Gateway Interface - A standard method of
extending Web server functionality by executing programs or scripts on a
Web server in response to Web browser requests. A common use of CGI is in
form processing, where the Web browser sends form data to a CGI script on
the server, the script integrates the data with a database, and sends back
the results as a Web page. Use of CGI can make a Web page much more
dynamic and add interactivity for the user. CGI scripts are just scripts
which use CGI. Those scripts can be written with the help of Perl,
PHP3, MIVA, Python, and other scripting languages.
Cold Fusion is a scripting language for web designers
that wish to do advanced development and/or database interfacing.
Cold Fusion supports MS Access, dBASE, FoxPro, and Paradox databases.
A file containing records of information that
are organized and presented to serve a specific purpose, such as the
facilitation of searching, sorting, and recombination of data. Databases
can be published on the World Wide Web to let site visitors look up
information in records or add new information to the database.
The address of a network location in the format that
identifies the owner of that address in the format:
server.organization.type. For example, 'mysite.myhost.com' is
domain name where '.com' refers to top-level domain, 'myhost.com' - to
second-level domain and 'mysite.myhost.com' - to third-level domain or
Electronic Mail - The exchange of electronic text
messages and computer file attachments between computers over a
communications network, such as a local area network or the Internet.
That means any email that is sent to any address at your domain is forwarded to the 1 email address that you specify. For instance if specify email@example.com as your email address then info@YourCompany.click2site.com, sales@YourCompany.click2site.com, bob@YourCompany.click2site.com will all be forwarded to firstname.lastname@example.org
FrontPage Server Extensions
FP extensions - A set of programs and scripts
that support authoring in FrontPage and extend the functionality of a Web
server. The FrontPage Server Extensions are available for Microsoft
Internet Information Services (IIS) and other popular Windows and UNIX Web
servers. To learn whether your Web server is supported, visit http://www.microsoft.com/frontpage/
File Transfer Protocol - The Internet service
that transfers files from one computer to another over standard phone
lines. You can create FTP hyperlinks (ftp://) on your web page.
The technical meaning is a hardware or software
set-up that translates between two dissimilar protocols, for example
Prodigy has a gateway that translates between its internal, proprietary
e-mail format and Internet e-mail format. Another, sloppier meaning of
gateway is to describe any mechanism for providing access to another
system, e.g. AOL might be called a gateway to the Internet.
As used in reference to the World Wide Web,
'hit' means a single request from a web browser for a single item from a
web server; thus in order for a web browser to display a page that
contains 3 graphics, 4 'hits' would occur at the server: 1 for the HTML
page, and one for each of the 3 graphics.
Any computer on a network that is a repository
for services available to other computers on the network. It is quite
common to have one host machine provide several services, such as WWW and
This term can be used to refer to the housing
of a web site, email or a domain.
Term used to
describe when a banner advertisement is loaded on a web page and displayed
to a user. Also referred to as Exposure.
A company that
provides access to the Internet, such as AOL, Prodigy, etc. Allows users
to dial up through a modem, DSL, or cable connection to view the
information on the internet.
IP Number/IP address
Internet Protocol Number - Sometimes
called a dotted quad. A unique number consisting of 4 parts separated by
dots, e.g. 18.104.22.168
A dedicated IP address is an IP address unique to the domain it is
assigned. Shared IP domains share the IP address of the server the
domain resides on rather than having their own dedicated IP. To have
subdomains (for example, sub.yourdomain.com, where sub is the subdomain) or
DNS pointers (where a domain points to another domain using DNS entries
rather than html forwarding) you must have a dedicated IP.
Server Application Programming Interface) is an API for writing extensions
to web servers. It was originally developed by Process Software, and adopted
by Microsoft as its standard server API. It complements or replaces the
Common Gateway Interface (CGI), the standard interprocess protocol for
writing extensions to web servers.
ISAPI's main advantage over CGI is that it uses dynamic-link library (DLL)
function calls to communicate with extension components, rather than
environment variables and standard I/O, as CGI does. There's a lot of
overhead when starting new processes on Win32 platforms, and DLL calls
eliminate the need for new processes, thus reducing the running time.
programming language created by Sun Microsystems. Currently, the most
widespread use of Java is in programming small applications, or applets,
for the World Wide Web.
A scripting language
developed by Netscape Communications and Sun Microsystems, Inc. Compared
before execution. Basic online applications and functions can be added to
application programming interface functions are fewer than those available
HTML code, is generally considered easier to write than Java, especially
Microsoft Internet Explorer or Netscape Navigator, is required to
- (Local Area Network) -- A computer
network limited to the immediate area, usually the same building or floor of
Flash is a multimedia
development tool that creates high-end applications to be embedded into
web pages. Flash programs can also be used as stand-alone applications.
Flash's power comes from the use of vector graphics which can be scaled to
anybody's monitor settings without a loss of quality. Another feature that
makes Macromedia's Flash popular is the compact size of Flash files. The
software can deliver high-end graphics through the web by keeping the file
sizes relatively small.
Flash can also incorporate video clips, image files, sound files, and will
import files from other vector programs like Adobe Illustrator.
Miva, formerly known as HTMLScript, is produced by Miva Corporation. Miva allows you to quickly build dynamic Web sites that integrate scripting, database, and commerce features. There are also tools available that allow you to build Miva-powered Web pages on your Windows-based PC and then upload them to the server when you are ready.
Complete information about the Miva engine and the syntax and use of the special Miva tags is available at
MP3, or MPEG Layer 3,
allows for CD-quality sound files at very high compression. Compared to
.wav files, MP3 require approximately 1/20th of the space for the same
quality of sound.
Because of these characteristics, MP3 has become a widely accepted,
standard setting file format for encoding music.
While MP3s have become very popular, they have also been abused by persons
by means of music piracy.
Windows NT is Microsoft's 32-bit operating
system. Used by web hosting companies in the network environment to offer
customers support for Microsoft base products such as MS Access, MS SQL
Server, and FrontPage 98/2000.
ODBC - An application
programming interface (API) for authoring applications that are
independent of any particular database management system.
Perl is a scripting
language which is widely used on the Internet to create CGI programs. Perl
programs are actually text files that are parsed, or run through,
by a program called an 'interpreter'.
PHP, formerly known as
PHP/FI, is an excellent pre-processing engine that supports a very robust
HTML-embedded scripting language. Much of its syntax is borrowed from the
C, Java and Perl programming languages, with some unique PHP-specific
features thrown in. The goal of the PHP language is to allow Web
developers to quickly write powerful, dynamically generated pages. To
learn more about PHP click here.
Protocol) is a simple incoming mail protocol that can be thought of as a
"store-and-forward" service. With POP, your email is saved in a
mailbox on the server, and is transferred to your email client when you
check it. Once they are downloaded, your email messages are no longer
maintained on the server. POP is the best choice when you always read your
email messages from the same computer, but is somewhat inconvenient to
those who need access to all of their messages from many locations.
Python is a scripting
language which incorporates modules, exceptions, dynamic typing, very high
level dynamic data types, and classes. Python combines remarkable power
with very clear syntax. It has interfaces to many system calls and
libraries, as well as to various window systems, and is extensible in C or
C++. It is also usable as an extension language for applications that need
a programmable interface.
RealAudio® and RealVideo®,
developed by Real Networks, Inc., are among the most popular methods of
broadcasting audio and video content across the Internet.
Collectively known as Real Media, RealAudio and RealVideo use a technology
called streaming. Rather than force you to download an entire media
file to your computer before you can play it, this technology allows you
to play RealAudio and RealVideo clips over the Internet while they are
being downloaded to your computer. To learn more about Real Networks, Inc.
products click here.
A type of computer code
that can be directly executed by a program that understands the language
in which the script is written. Scripts do not need to be compiled to be
SSL - A proposed open
standard developed by Netscape Communications for establishing a secure
communications channel to prevent the interception of critical
information, such as credit card numbers. The primary purpose of SSL is to
enable secure electronic financial transactions on the World Wide Web,
although it is designed to work with other Internet services as well. This
technology, which uses public key encryption, is incorporated into many
Web browser and Web servers.
A computer that offers
services on a network. On the World Wide Web, a server is a computer that
runs the Web server software that responds to HTTP protocol requests. Also
SSI - A feature provided
by some Web servers that automatically inserts text onto pages when they
are fetched by a Web browser.
SQL - A database query and
programming language widely used for accessing, querying, updating, and
managing data in relational database systems. Using SQL, you can retrieve
data from a database, create databases and database objects, add data,
modify existing data, and perform other, more complex functions. With SQL,
you can also change the server configuration, modify database or session
settings, and control data and access statements.
The command and program used to login
from one Internet site to another. The telnet command/program gets
you to the login: prompt of another host.
A multi-user, multitasking
operating system that exists in various forms and implementations,
typically used on proprietary computer workstations. Many Web servers run
on UNIX systems.
Uniform Resource Locator -
A string that supplies the Internet address of a Web site or resource on
the World Wide Web, along with the protocol by which the site or resource
is accessed. The most common URL type is http://, which gives the Internet
address of a Web page. Some other URL types are gopher://, which gives the
Internet address of a gopher directory, and ftp://, which gives the
network location of an FTP resource.
Basic Scripting Edition
VBScript - A subset of
the Visual Basic for Applications programming language, optimized for
Scripting Edition is embedded in HTML documents. This version is included
with Microsoft Internet Explorer.
- Wide Area Network - Any internet or
network that covers an area larger than a single building or campus.
The group of files that reside on the
domain host or nameserver. The zone file designates a domain, its
subdomains and mail server.